DIABETES mellitus is a major global health problem and has reached epidemic proportions in many developed and developing countries.
This is contributed by the global changes of population growth, longevity, urbanisation, mechanisation, obesity, and lifestyle.
At present, the highest number of people with diabetes is in Europe and America. It is predicted that by 2025, the number of diabetes sufferers in Asia would exceed 100 million.
Diabetics are often afflicted with many complications – eye problems, kidney failure, heart attack, stroke, and leg amputations.
In Malaysia, the prevalence of diabetes has increased; 4% in the 1980s, 8.3% in 1996, to 14.9% in 2006 – an increase of 250% over 20 years!
It is predicted that if this trend continues, one in every five adult Malaysians above the age of 30 would be diabetic.
Unfortunately, there are challenges in managing this condition in Asia, and Malaysia is no exception. There is inadequate understanding of the disease among patients and some healthcare providers.
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Excerpt: Foot At Risk